China’s poultry industry involves the hatching and raising of poultry (chicken, ducks, geese, ostriches, and quails) to produce both meat and eggs. Total egg production was more than 27 million tons in 2009 while meat production was only approximately 16 million tons. Over the next 10 years, broiler output is expected to double and egg production will continue to rise.
In the five years through 2012, Poultry Farming industry revenue has been growing at an average annualized rate of 8.7% to $66.6 billion. Very few live birds or live bird products are imported or exported, due to strict quarantine requirements. However, China is the largest egg producer in the world, accounting for over 40.0% of global production, and eggs are exported to Japan, South-East Asia and Russia. Industry exports have been growing 9.9% annually over the five-year period, and with more foreign markets being developed, exports have strong future growth potential. Industry revenue from poultry farming has been growing steadily due to rises in poultry prices rather than rapid output growth
Among the problems facing this industry, the most significant ones include disease outbreaks, skyrocketing feed cost, short of affordable labors, restricted land use, and stricter environment regulations. In recently years, the governments from various levels have put out policies to encourage larger scale and more efficient animal production systems. Big companies, including specialized farmers started to invest heavily in large scale automated and environment controlled standard production facilities for better management, biosecurity and disease prevention. As the economy continues to improve and urbanization continues to grow, China’s poultry industry can look forward to a bright future.